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Tuesday, August 9, 2016

10 Innovative technologies

The annual World Economic Forum published a new report, which called the main innovative technological trends of this year.

Innovative technology has become, perhaps, the greatest agent of change
in the modern world. Without risk there is never complete, but positive technological breakthroughs promise to provide innovative solutions to the most pressing global issues of our time ­ from a lack of resources to global environmental change. (...), Highlighting the most important technological advances, the Council seeks to raise awareness of their potential and help to close the gaps in investment, management and public performances. 
          - Nubar Afeyan (Noubar Afeyan), entrepreneur, one of the compilers of the report 

1. Fitted to the body wearable electronics
This innovative technology is almost invisible. Among them: in­-ear headphones, watching the heart rate sensors that monitor posture (they are worn under clothing), temporary tattoos, which monitor the operation of the vital organs, and tactile soles, which will show you the way to GPS by vibration.

The latter, by the way, want to use as a guide for the blind. A terrific glasses Google Glass innovative technology are already helping oncologists to conduct operations. 

- Google Glass ­ an innovative technology 

2. Nanostructured graphite composite
Car exhaust, polluting the atmosphere ­ the scourge of modern ecology. Not surprisingly, the increase in the operating efficiency of transport ­ one of the priority technology areas.
Contribute to this will be nanostructuring methods of carbon fiber for advanced composite materials that help reduce vehicle weight by 10% and more. For what? Appliances need less fuel and, therefore, it will be less pollution.

3. Production of metals in concentrate during desalination of seawater
Another environmental problem ­ reduction of freshwater supplies and the associated seawater desalination. Desalination can increase the supply of fresh water, but he has and disadvantages. Moreover, serious. For desalination need a lot of energy, and moreover, waste is generated as a result of concentrated saltwater. Last, back into the sea, a very negative impact on the marine flora and fauna.

And the most promising solution to this problem may be fundamentally new look at this waste. They can be considered as a raw material source of very valuable substances: lithium, magnesium, uranium, conventional soda, calcium, potassium compounds. 

4. Storage of electricity on an industrial scale
Energy issues ­ an inexhaustible source of problems. But some of them seem to have become quite solvable, thanks to new innovative technologies. For example, it is proposed to use batteries to preserve the flow of chemical energy in a liquid form and in large quantities. This is similar to how we store coal and gas.

Allowing you to store fairly large amounts of energy and all kinds of solid panels, and, in cheap and available materials.

Recently, there were also invented graphene large capacitors, with which you can very quickly charged and discharged batteries, making tens of thousands of cycles. Consider engineers and other capabilities, such as kinetic energy in the flywheel, and large compressed air storage underground. 

The molecular structure of graphene 

5. Nanowire lithium­ion batteries
Such innovative batteries will soon conduct a full charge, and produce 30­40% more electricity than today's lithium­ion batteries. All this will help improve the market of electric vehicles, but also will allow to store the sun's energy directly at home. Experts believe that now and over the next two years with a silicon anode batteries will also be used in smartphones.

6. The display screen without: video holograms and virtual reality
This leap forward in this area occurred in the last year. That is why a high probability that in the near future we should expect major breakthroughs on the use of innovative display technology without a screen. What is it about? About headset virtual reality, bionic contact lenses, the development of mobile phones for the elderly and visually impaired people of the video holograms that do not require glasses and moving parts. 

Glyph: a futuristic virtual reality helmet 

7.Medications for human intestinal
Recently, it was found out that the intestinal microflora affects the development of many diseases ­ and infections from obesity to diabetes and inflammation of the digestive tract.
Everyone knows that antibiotics disrupt the intestinal microflora, causing complications such as infection by the bacterium Clostridium difficile, and sometimes even threatening a person's life. Today, therefore, clinical trials conducted worldwide. As a result, it managed to find a group of microbes in a healthy gut. These microbes help create a new generation of drugs, and they, in turn, will help to improve the treatment of the human intestinal microflora.

8. Medications based on RNA
This is also a new generation of drugs. Get them to enable advances in the study of ribonucleic acids (RNA). With these formulations fail dilute excessive amounts present in the natural protein, and it will be possible to produce an organism in vivo dosage optimized proteins.
RNA­based medicines will be produced already by private firms, but in collaboration with major pharmaceutical companies and research centers. 

9. Predictive Analytics
Smartphones ­ the innovative technologies, which provide an incredible amount of information about the activities of people like the owners of these smartphones, and they know (contact lists, call logging, GPS, Wi­Fi, pictures with location, according to downloads data, applications used by us etc.) to help build a detailed predictive models about people and their behavior.
All this, according to experts, should be a good purpose ­ for example, urban planning, the appointment of individual medicines, medical diagnostics.
10. Interfaces "brain­ computer"
Innovative technology to manage the computer just by thought ­ not a fantasy. Moreover, it is much closer to reality than we think. Interfaces "Brain­-Computer" (when the computer reads and interprets the signals directly from the brain), are undergoing clinical trials. And most importantly ­ already have good results. They are necessary, however, not for entertainment, but for people with disabilities. For example, for those who suffer quadriplegia (paralysis of arms and legs), a syndrome of isolation, those who have suffered a stroke, and wheelchairs. Interface "Brain­-Computer" capable of much. With it, people will be able to manage, for example, a robotic arm to drink, eat and do much more. And yet, the brain implants able to partially restore vision.

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